complete guide to simple present

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Simple Present

 

simple present

 

simple present video Added

 

After learning Greetings, Pronouns ( I, You He…) and To be verbs (am, is , are), English learners must practice Simple present

Simple present I think is the first tense which you must learn, because using simple present is very common in English language. Also, Simple present is the basic grammar, by learning it completely, you will pave the way to learn other Tenses

 

How to make simple present sentences

Subject + Verb

It is very simple to make simple present tense. The only thing which you need is a subject and a verb

 

?What is subject

Every sentence usually needs a subject

Subjects

  • pronouns: I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They
  • Nouns: book, dog, place
  • Names: Jamshid, Asghar, Shamsi

 

?What is verb

 

Every simple present tense has a verb for example

Work, Study, Sleep, Read, Write

 

Simple present

I

Go

You

Go

We

Go

You

Go

They

Go

 

Simple present examples

 

He, She, It simple present

 

He

Goes

She

Goes

It

Goes

 

Note: for He, She, It we add S or ES to the verbs

Note: if the subject is a name it is like the pronouns. For Example, Ali, Ghazal, Asghar or The dog or the Cat like pronouns

Ali Goes

Ghazal Goes

Asghar Goes

The dog Goes

The cat Goes

simple present examples

 

I go to school every day

We go to school every day

You go to school every day

You go to school every day

He goes to school every day

They go to school every day

She goes to school every day

It goes to school every day

مقاله زیر را به هیچ وجه از دست ندهید  زمان گذشته کامل استمراری Past Perfect Continuous | همراه با مثال و کاربرد

 

 

How to make negative simple present sentences

 

Subject + Don’t / Doesn’t + Verb

 

negative simple present

I don’t go to school every day

We don’t go to school every day

You don’t go to school every day

You don’t go to school every day

He doesn’t go to school every day

They don’t go to school every day

She doesn’t go to school every day

It doesn’t go to school every day

?How to make Questions with simple present

 

?Do/Does+ Subject + Verb

 

?Do I go to school every day

?Do we go to school every day

?Do you go to school every day

?Do you go to school every day

?Does he go to school every day

?Do they go to school every day

?Does she go to school every day

?Does it go to school every day

 

Note: when we use Does or doesn’t we must not use S or Es at the end of the verbs
He Doesn’t goes to school everyday
He doesn’t go to school every day

 

simple present tense

 

‘Spelling of the words ‘S’, ‘ES’ or ‘IES

verbs ending in ‘SS’, ‘SH’, ‘CH’, ‘X’ and ‘O’ we should add ES to form the third person singular he, she it

I rush

He rushes

She rushes

It rushes

We rush

They rush

I watch

He watches

She watches

It watches

We watch

They watch

 

‘when before ‘Y’ there is a consonant we change the ‘Y’ into ‘I’ and add ‘es

مقاله زیر را به هیچ وجه از دست ندهید  زمان گذشته کامل Past Perfect در زبان انگلیسی | آموزش ماضی بعید

Carry

Copy

Try

I carry

They copy

We try

She carries

He copies

She tries

 

‘verbs ending in ‘Y’ following a ‘Vowel’ we add just ‘S

 

I stay

He stays

 

We obey

She obeys

 

?When do we use simple present

 

grammar simple present when to use simple present by Delinglish.com

 

repeated events: we use adverbs of frequency like always, usually

I always get up early in the morning

 

 

Note: also it is habitual action in some grammatical books

He smokes cigarettes

 

General facts

I live in Tehran

Ice melts at 0 degree

 

. simple present can be used in newspaper headlines

MASS MURDERER ESCAPES

PEACE TALKS FAIL

 

dramatic narrative: describing the action of a play, opera. Commentators use simple  present to describe the sports events

 

 

 

 

state verbs

 

Existence

Be, exist

Mental states

Believe, doubt, know, realize, recognize, suppose, think, understand

Wants and likes

Want, like, love, hate, need, prefer

Possession

Belong, have/has, possess, own

Senses

Feel, smell, taste

appearance

Appear, look, seem

She has a house

I do not believe in god

I think you are tired

 

 

in zero conditional and in first conditional

Zero: if you heat ice, it melts

First: if you give me 100$, I will but a DVD player

 

 

complete guide to simple present
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